The Land of the Rising Sun: ARUNACHAL PRADESH
Arunachal Pradesh… the north eastern tip of the vast subcontinent, is the land of unique beauty. The unexplored land is paradise on earth. It is the Indian tip where the sun is greeted first from the rest of the India. Arunachal Pradesh… land of scenic beauty, having more than 500 varieties of Orchids, and habitat of more than 30 tribes. The place where religions live in peace and in harmony with the splendid natural surroundings, where rivers roar and sail, where the mystic towns of Itanagar and Tawang amaze you with the splendid architecture and where a person can relax and laze with the beauty of nature… all this and more is Arunachal Pradesh. The Tawang monastery and the Parshuramkund, the paddy fields and the tea gardens, the snowcapped peaks and the fertile plains, a challenging land for the adventurous for rafting, trekking and mountaineering. The land of the Dalai Lamas and the land of eternal peace; Arunachal Pradesh is the place where colours are found in abundance, be it in nature or on clothes. Arunachal Pradesh, a true colourful solace from the tiring daily life.
The Land of Golden Lit Mountains: ARUNACHAL PRADESH
Area: 83743 sq km
Language: Monpa, Miji, Aka, Sherdukpen, Assamese,Hindi and English
Best Time to Visit: October to April
Airports: No airports
Nestled in the laps of nature, this is the largest state among the seven sisters of the North East of India. Once a union territory, Arunachal Pradesh shares three international boundaries and a state boundary with Assam. Arunachal has China in the North and North east, Bhutan in the West and Myanmar in the East. The southern boundary is shared with the state of Assam.
Arunachal Pradesh experiences different climatic zones. The areas near the Himalayas experience the alpine climate throughout the year, while the plains in the south experience a sub tropical climate. The massive monsoons lash the plains during the months of May to September.
About Arunachal Pradesh:
Arunachal literally means the land soaked with sunlight. Earlier known as the Northern East Frontier Agency, it was carved out of Assam to be formed as the Union Territory which eventually gained the status of a state recently. With Himalayan ranges running around the state, Arunachal is a fertile land full of lush green forests, deep river valleys and beautiful plateaus. With over 500 varieties of Orchids bloom in the state, Arunachal becomes a colourful state with nature throwing all its colours in full bloom. Arunachal Pradesh has rich biodiversity and splendid wildlife. 80% of the state in under forest covers. For its rain forest and the flora and fauna, it is one of the world’s 17 bio-diversity heritage site.
The history of Arunachal Pradesh has mythological roots. The Arunachal Pradesh hills are believed to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. People believe that it was here where Parashuram washed away his sins, sage Vyasa meditated, king Bhishmaka founded his kingdom and Lord Krishna married his consort, Rukmini. The more recent history though is available only from the 16th century when the Ahom rulers had extended their rules to this part of the country. The Ahom rulers refrained themselves from interfering into the matters of the local tribes. The British followed their suit and even the Indian did not interfere in to the tribal matters till 1962. The state became a union territory in 1972 and was given statehood in 1987 as the 24th state of India.
There are as many as thirty tribes in the woods and forests of Arunachal, scattered all around the place. The people enjoy life, are convivial, warm and hospitable with a bubbling urge to make the most of the natural bounty. But the density of population in this hilly region is much low. Although Hinduism is practiced, the influence of Buddhism and even Christianity is stronger as compared to the other states in this region. Most of the tribes are ethnically similar but their geographical isolation from each other made them culturally and linguistically distinctive. There are tribes like Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang who follow lamaistic traditions of Mahayana Buddhism. On the other hand, the Khamtis and Singphos inhabiting in the eastern part follow the Hinayana Buddhism. There are other tribes of Adi, Aka, Apatani, Bungni, Nishi, Mishimi, Miji and Thangso who worship the Donyi Polo (Sun) and the Abatani (Moon). Almost all of their religious rituals are associated with agriculture.
The hilly terrains of Arunachal apart from beckoning the tourist s to visit the splendour of nature also challenge the more adventurous. Adventure sports like river rafting, boating and fishing with mountain biking and trekking can be undertaken. Arunachal Pradesh is an extravaganza of nature with its inhabitants like the various tribes and their colourful dresses and traditions. The immense and the rare wildlife tat is found here like the Mithun, the red panda and the white gibbons, the innumerous varieties of Orchids. All together the spice of life truly comes alive in this serene calm and totally unexplored place called the Arunachal, where the sunlight kisses the mountains and the jungles. Truly a unique destination for the tourist.