The Land of the Highlanders: MIZORAM
Mizoram… the land of the Mizo tribe was known as the land of the nomads. The land of the greenery, the land of waterfalls and the exotic flora and fauna, Mizoram holds the key to the tourism in this part of the country. With beautiful places like the Aizwal and Phwangpui, Mizoram is the place where one can relate himself to the nature forgetting the daily stressful life. The place other than its rich and varied natural wealth is also famous for its nearly boiled but tasty food and the unique bamboo dance. The best of the handicrafts items of bamboo are produced here and can be great souvenirs.
The Land of Stunning Beauty: MIZORAM
Area: 21,081 sq km
Language: Mizo, English and local dialects
Best time to Visit: Round the year
Located on the tip of the North East, Mizoram is one of the seven sisters of the North eastern states. It shares its borders with two neighbouring countries of Myanmar in the east and Bangladesh in the West. The stat of Tripura is in the North West and while Assam is in the North, Manipur lies in the Northeast.
Owing to the Mizo hills which dominate the topography of the state and the tropic of Cancer which runs through it, the state has a pleasant climate throughout the year.
Mizoram… is the land of highlanders, is a land of great natural beauty with an endless flora and fauna. The picturesque landscape with alpine forests, high mountains and deep valleys dotted with quaint villages, leaves one in awe of the natural beauty that Mizoram holds. Rivers like the Tlawang, Sonai, Tuivawl, Kolodine and Kamaphuli make the land fertile and beautiful. The rivers, peaks, plains and the lakes are the treasures of Mizoram. Though heavy rains are experienced by the state, the beauty of the nature grows ten fold during the rainy season.
Once the district of Assam, Mizoram was made a State of the Indian Union on 20th February 1987, following the historic Mizoram Peace Accord. Not much is known about the History of Mizoram. The people of Mizoram are originally the migrants from China who came to Burma and eventually settled in the Lushai hills of India hundreds of years ago. Belonging to the Mongoloid race, with the advent of the British the Mizo people accepted the Christian religion keeping alive their age-old traditions and rituals.
Although history has very less to offer, the folk tales those have been passed through ages have a different story to tell. The people believe that the Mizo people emerged from under a large covering rock known as Chhinlung. Two of them were talking very loudly; so much so that God thought there were enough people to fill Mizoram and thus he closed the opening. The rock grew in the mountain still stands. This story has become a Mizo fable and is often heard in the folk songs and folklores sung across the state. Chhinlung however, is taken by some experts as the Chinese city of Sinlung or Chinlingsang situated close on the China – Burma border.
The Mizo people are divided into several tribes like the Lushais, Pawis, Paithes, Raltes, Pang, Himars and Kukis. Though the society is basically tribal the literacy rate is about 82%, which is one of the highest literacy rates in India. While Hinduism and Buddhism is also practiced they are in minority. The nomadic Chakmas practice a combination of Hinduism, Buddhism, and animism the worship of nature deities and other spirits. Music and dance is the soul of the people of Mizoram. The most famous of the dances being the bamboo dance locally known as the Cheaw dance is performed with the use of four bamboo sticks held by two people. They are beat on the ground in checks in a particular rhythm when two or three dance to the rhythm in the checks. The rhythm gathers frenzy and dancers tune to it with precautions taken that the foot is not caught in the bamboos.
Agriculture is the main source of livelihood and the basic thing is the Jhum cultivation. The Government is trying its best for the betterment of the people of Mizoram. The staple food of the Mizo people is rice usually eaten with meat. The local vegetables too are added to the food but the food is not very spicy. It is pretty bland; however the nutritive value of the food is definitely preserved. The ladies are wonderful artists and weave intricate designs with the cloth. Mizo Handicraft items are famous all over the country.